The Hormones-What Do They Do and What Is Their Role in Women’s Health?

Hormones are chemical messengers that are produced by the endocrine system. They are responsible for maintaining the body’s balance of functions, including growth, sleep, digestion, mood, and sex drive. Although hormones control many aspects of our lives, they have a major impact on women’s health.

Hormones can be categorized as female sex hormones or male sex hormones. Female sex hormones include estrogen and progesterone. Male sex hormones include testosterone. When the levels of these hormones are balanced, it has an effect on everything from weight to mental health to sexual function.

Here are some ways to keep your hormone levels balanced and what happens when they’re out of whack.

The Four Major Hormones

The four major hormones that have a huge impact on the female body are estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, and cortisol.


Estrogen is the most important female sex hormone. It regulates reproduction, mood, and sexual function. When estrogen levels are too high or too low, it can have a negative effect on your health.

High estrogen levels have been associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. The body’s production of estrogen increases when there is an accumulation of fat in the breasts. To help lessen the risk of breast cancer, you should watch your weight to keep your hormone levels balanced.

Elevated levels of estrogen can decrease bone density which leads to osteoporosis. This condition weakens your bones and can lead to fractures. To ensure that your bones are strong, you should work out at least three times a week for 20 minutes at a time and limit alcohol intake to one drink per day for women who are over the age of 18 years old.

Low levels of estrogen in women can cause vaginal dryness or atrophy which increases the risk for yeast infections or UTIs (urinary tract infections). To keep your vaginal area healthy, use lubricant during sexual intercourse when necessary and talk to your doctor about taking supplements that will increase your estrogen intake.

Progesterone and Estrogen

These hormones encourage the release of other hormones and help to regulate the menstrual cycle. When these hormones are too high or low, it can cause problems with ovulation and menstruation. When they’re out of balance, it can lead to PMS and mood swings.


A must-have for men.

Testosterone is a hormone that is produced by the adrenal glands and testicles in men and the ovaries and adrenal glands in women. It’s responsible for male sex characteristics—increased muscle, bone mass, sperm production, and sexual desire.

For women, testosterone plays a role in maintaining muscle mass and sex drive.

Thyroid Hormones

Your thyroid is a small gland in your neck that regulates metabolism. When your thyroid levels are low, it can cause weight gain, fatigue, depression, muscle weakness, and dry skin.

What Happens When Your Hormones Are Out of Whack?

Hormones are chemical messengers in the body that help regulate many of the body’s functions. When levels of hormones are balanced, it has an effect on everything from weight to mental health to sexual function.

However, when hormone levels are out of balance, it can be harmful.

How To Keep Your Hormones Balanced

There are a number of different things that can affect your hormones levels. Stress, poor diet, and lack of sleep can all contribute to an imbalance.

You can help keep your hormones balanced by making sure you’re getting enough sleep and following a well-balanced diet. There will be times when you need to take medication and talk to your doctor about what you should do next.

With these simple steps, you can manage hormone imbalances and live a happier, healthier life!


To maintain a healthy balance of hormones, a person should eat a hormone-balancing diet, take hormone-balancing supplements, and find some form of stress relief whether it be through meditation, yoga, or talking to a therapist. For more info on a hormone balanced diet click here.


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